Mock-up as a Design Tool in Designer-Surgeon Collaboration

By Saiful Hasley Ramli and Chris Rust.

Published by The International Journal of Design Management and Professional Practice

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: June 13, 2014 $US5.00

Some surgeons are capable of seeing needs earlier than other users in the same domain, and they are also able to provide the solutions. Some earlier research showed this, e.g. surgeons with lead user’s characteristics designed their own tools. However, current workloads and other responsibilities hindered them from expressing their design problems and needs for new surgical tools. In this paper, the author will discuss the use of mock-up kits as a design tool and "making" as design collaboration essence in two collaboration design projects with colorectal surgeons. This mock-up kit was developed through some other related work containing eclectic everyday material and on hand formable material, e.g. cardboard. Two colorectal surgeons were involved in separate design projects, and each of them has their own needs and purposes. The research aimed to study how mock-ups can be used in such co-design works and how this method can enhance the usability of surgical tools. It has shown that the process of ‘making’ allowed the surgeons to use design strategies. The activities in both collaboration projects indicated that mock-ups are valuable tools to use in such co-design projects because they enable the surgeons to be actively involved in creative activity.

Keywords: Mock-ups, Co-design, Surgical Tools

The International Journal of Design Management and Professional Practice, Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2014, pp.13-29. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: June 13, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 980.171KB)).

Saiful Hasley Ramli

PhD Candidate, Art and Design Research Centre, Faculty of Art, Computing, Engineering and Science, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK

Saiful H. Ramli is a lecturer in the industrial design department of University Putra Malaysia in Malaysia. He is currently completing his PhD in design at the Art and Design Research Centre of Sheffield Hallam University in the United Kingdom. He had practiced design for 5 years in manufacturing. His research interest is in design in medicine and healthcare and he is also interested in co-design and the use of mock-ups as a collaborative tool with expert users. He previously filed a patent for his design of a surgical tool: a speculum.

Chris Rust

Professor in Design, C3Ri Design Research Centre, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, UK

Chris Rust is head of the Art and Design Research Centre at Sheffield Hallam University England and chair of the Council of the Design Research Society (DRS).